North Korea has an estimated population of 25,160,000 people. The official name of the country is the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
Pyongyang is the nation’s capital and largest city. North and northwest of North Korea is China and Russia.The country is bordered to the south by South Korea, with a heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two countries.
In 1910 Japan claimed the peninsula of Korea. When Japan lost World War Two in 1945 the peninsula was divided along the 39th parallel with the Soviet Union controlling the North and America controlling the south. Negotiations to merge the two sections failed and by 1948 two separate governments were established. North Korea became the socialist Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the South became the capitalist Republic of Korea. North Korea invaded South Korea in 1950 and led to the Korean War that lasted until 1953. A cease fire was initiated but to this day there has never been a signed peace treaty and technically are still in war.
North Korea considers itself a socialist state and used to even have elections. The truth of the matter is this is a clear dictatorship. Most services such as healthcare, education, housing and food production are subsidized or state-funded as limited as it is. Between 1994 and 1998 North Korea suffered a famine and up to 420,000 people died. Songun is followed in North Korea which means “military-first” this includes healthcare, education and even food. This makes joining the military very popular and North Korea has the fourth largest military in the world with 1.21 million active duty military personnel.
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